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Why We Choose Alpaca & You Should Too!

Alpaca fiber is the sustainable, socially responsible, cruelty-free and functional alternative to the current textile market's materials. It plays a large role in the "Slow Fashion" movement, which prioritizes environmental and social impact over cheap and fast fashion--something we at Fluff Alpaca strongly believe in. Read on for more details on alpaca and its contribution to a healthy planet and happy humans!

Alpaca fur is soft
Alpaca fur is warm
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The fashion industry, including the production, processing and distribution of the materials used, is one of the greatest contributors to pollution on the planet. One of the best ways to minimize the environmental pollution caused by this industry is to be more conscious about the types of fibers and materials we are using--and choose more environmentally-friendly options, such as alpaca fiber. 


Raising alpacas is incredibly eco-friendly compared to other animals used for their natural fiber. Alpacas, which are mainly bred in the Peruvian Andes, are "green" livestock. This means that they are light on the land, preventing soil erosion by "cutting" the grass while they graze, instead of pulling it out like other livestock animals, which allows the grass to continue to grow.

Furthermore, alpaca are very easy to care for. They only eat 1-2% of their weight per day, compared to cashmere goats (10%), therefore requiring little food, water or special attention. Their wool can produce 4-5 sweaters per year, compared to cashmere goats which only produce ONE sweater every FOUR years (that's 20x more garments!).


Alpaca fiber not only lacks the lanolin of sheep’s wool and therefore does not require harsh chemicals for removal, but also proves to be higher yielding after processing due to relatively higher fiber diameter and length. Alpaca also comes in 23 beautiful natural colors that rarely require chemical dyeing for the creation of garments. And, of course, untreated alpaca fiber is completely eco-friendly and biodegradable.   

We take care to sell products from brands that use natural fibers like alpaca, or recycled and organic textiles, including natural dyeing and printing processes.    


The enjoyment of alpaca garments for a lifetime is owed to its inherent durability. The nature of alpaca fiber makes it less susceptible to abrasion, pilling and general wear and tear even after the production process and into its life as a finished product.

In fact, alpaca lasts longer than other luxury fibers including wool, cashmere and silk, as it is both water and stain repellant, which makes alpaca garments the more sustainable option for reducing textile waste from discarded clothing. 


Fluff's owners raise our own alpaca on our organic farm in Hillsdale, New York. We make sure to operate on principles of sustainability through organic, chemical-free raising and production of fiber. 


Alpacas represent not only an important part of Peruvian national identity and daily life, but also an important part of the "Slow Fashion" movement, which prioritizes a positive impact on workers and the environment over cheap and fast fashion.


Peru's textile industry is one of the largest sectors in the country,  and the herding and textile production of alpacas and their wool provide a consistent living for tens of thousands of indigenous families that would otherwise be in poverty. It is estimated that over 120,000 families depend directly on alpaca for income, while almost half a million families benefit indirectly from the industry.

Many of the brands we sell not only supply indigenous communities with training and jobs, but also work to preserve the Peruvian textile traditions while evolving their skills to compete in today's industry. In addition to operating on fair trade principles, working with small business producers and home-workers, these companies also often partner with non profits or work themselves to provide educational opportunities and medical assistance and infrastructure to these indigenous communities.


Fluff also supports farmers and small businesses locally in New York through our participation in NEAFP and the retail of its merchandise. The New England Alpaca Fiber Pool is a US alpaca pool that combines fiber from thousands of alpaca farms, including Green River Hollow Farm, to create commercially finished products, providing income for local farmers and its domestic textile mills as well as creating more jobs in the area.

We also take great pride in selling locally handmade products from a number of small businesses, prioritizing minority and women-owned companies in our offerings.


Fluff's owners raise their own alpaca on their organic farm in Hillsdale, New York. We shear our animals every April and send our fiber to Ohio to be milled into yarn at America's Natural Fiberworks.

We sell the yarn online and at our shop, as well as employ local expert knitters in putting our farm-to-fiber-to-shop goals into practice. We love sharing with our customers which of the farm's animals their items were made from!


Alpacas are free-roaming herd animals that are only shorn once a year for their fiber. In fact, 85% of Peruvian alpaca fiber comes from independent smallholders with less than 50 animals in their free-range herd.


While their fiber keeps them warm during the winter, it is a relief for them to have it gently sheared off in the warmer summer months. We have witnessed this with our own alpaca on Green River Hollow Farm. They are so ready to splash around in the baby pool once they are free of their winter coats!


Furthermore, alpaca are never killed for their fur or fiber and we take great care to exclusively sell products from brands and manufacturers that only use fur from animals who have died of natural causes. 


Alpaca outperforms its other natural counterparts in many ways. This versatile fiber is not only light and warm, but also incredibly soft and hypoallergenic, making it the perfect alternative to those of us who are sensitive to wool.  


Alpaca is known for its exceptional warmth despite the lightness of the fiber itself, which is a function of its hollow core (medullation) that enables an impressive retention of heat, surpassing even that of wool.  This makes alpaca an ideal material for outdoor garments to be worn even in the coldest of climates, while its lightweight nature and versatility of the fiber also keeps you cool in the summer months, especially when blended with other natural fibers.

Alpaca also has incredible moisture-wicking capabilities which makes it an excellent fiber for socks, keeping your toes warm AND dry year round even when worn outside for hiking and sports.


The softness of alpaca is related to the fineness and scale structure of the fiber, which can vary based on age and sex of the alpaca. "Baby" alpaca and alpaca "fleece" make up 50% of the types of fiber and have a low micron count which makes it as soft and fine as cashmere (sometimes even softer!). It also has a low "prickle factor," especially compared to wool, which is makes it more comfortable against the skin. 


Alpaca fibers are longer and stronger than comparable wool fibers, with a greater resistance to pilling and general wear and tear. Alpaca fiber is also water and stain repellant as well as flame-resistant, which makes it easy to care for and more comfortable to wear even in bad weather conditions. 


Due to the fiber's unique scale structure, low micron count and low prickle factor, alpaca is an excellent option for those with sensitive skin. Its lack of wool's lanolin, which requires chemical removal before processing, makes it an ideal hypoallergenic alternative to other natural luxury fibers that feel more itchy to the wearer.


Alpaca fibers come in a wide range of micron counts, from very fine to coarse, which makes it an incredibly versatile fiber to work with. Its relative strength despite its fineness compared to wool makes it the softer, stronger alternative for anything from lightweight fabrics with beautiful draping qualities to coarser rugs and carpets.